87 104. MILITARY POLICY, The successive defeats at the hands of the Pathans in spite of many (of the Hindus) having fought and died, made the Raya discover the need for a cavalry here; and towards this end he subdued the Tulu country, and o-arrisoned the sea ports of Honavar, Bhattakkaja, Bakanur, MaiitfalapiTraiu, etc., with horses imported from abroad. As trainers and troopers he enlisted on handsome salary candi- dates from anywhere irrespective of caste or creed. The Raya's men believed that having regard to the affairs at Calicut, the Portuguese help would be an asset to them in the matter of fighting the Mussalmans, To good fighters the Raya presented beautiful maidens, etc. If any quarrels arose among the warriors, they had to settle them by fighting with swords in the presence of the Raya. The disputes among the goldsmiths, etc., had also to be settled likewise. Thus a warlike spirit was infused into all. Fear of death was held in contempt, and women would drink poison and die to save their honour. On the death of the ting, his wives and maidens, about 700 in all, would perform sail on his funeral pyre. Men also would accompany their departed royal master by killing themselves. Thus every- body took delight in military exercises. And to fight against the Mnssalmans three or four lakhs of people would gather. Mid* 105. THE KINGDOM AND CAPITAL. The kingdom was divided into five provinces : The Western country; East of the Ghats, the Dekhan and the Karnataka; along the East coast, the Telugu country and Colamandalam. The king's capital Vijayanagara was on the Tnngabhadra. On the opposite bank was Inegtmdi. There rare some famous temples also: Virupaksesvaram, Mallikarjunam and the five hills beginning with Kiskindha, as also the royal residences are seen well. The daily income from the city was 12,000 varahas. The sheds made of granite accommodated 400 elephants, and the royal stables had 40,000 horses in thexn ranging in price froifc 400 to 800 pagodas.